Pope Names U.S. Gay Marriage Foes Cardinals
(Boston, Massachusetts) Two of the most conservative archbishops in the United States were named cardinals Wednesday by Pope Benedict XVI.
Sean O'Malley as Archbishop in Boston led the attack against same-sex marriage in Massachusetts. William Levada the former archbishop of San Francisco is now prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the church body that wrote the recently implement prohibitions against gays in seminaries.
In Boston O'Malley helped organize, along with evangelical groups, Vote On Marriage which gathered signatures for a ballot measure that would amend the Massachusetts constitution to ban gay marriage. Vote On Marriage has had its petitions certified by the Secretary of State.
The proposed amendment must now be approved by at least 50 lawmakers in two separate sessions of the legislature before going to voters.
Last week O'Malley and other Massachusetts bishops called for an exemption for Catholic Charities to state anti-bias laws so it could refuse gays the right to adopt children. The request has been met with little support from state lawmakers.
Levada as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is in charge of the Vatican's attacks against same-sex marriage and gay rights.
The Congregation led the infamous Spanish Inquisition from the 15th to the 18th century. It's last leader, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, is now Pope Benedict....
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You can tell a lot about a person by the enemies he makes. That's probably why I love Pope Benedict so much. This article from a homosexual news outlet says it all. The overall 'tone' of this hit piece is priceless. I love how the quote ends by drudging up the Spanish Inquisition and linking it to the current pope in just two sentences.
Of course, they can't even get their history 'straight' -- (pun intended). There were actually a few inquisitions, but it is the Spanish Inquisition that gets more infamous review. The Spanish Inquisition was started in 1478, but it was NOT run by the Vatican 'Holy Office' (currently known as the 'Congregation for Doctrine and Faith') as the above article incorrectly states it was. Rather, the Spanish Inquisition was a local government institution, used by the king and queen of Spain to identify 'conversos'—Jews and Moors (Muslims) who pretended to convert to Christianity for purposes of political or social advantage and secretly practiced their former religion.
More importantly, the job of any Inquisition was also to clear the good names of many people who were falsely accused of being heretics.
In the case of the Spanish Inquisition, the Grand Inquisitor was appointed by the king of Spain and answerable only to him, with just the nominal approval of the appointment from the pope. The popes were never reconciled to the institution, which they regarded as usurping a church prerogative. As far as the abuses of the Spanish Inquisition are concerned, the Catholic Church is not responsible for them. Those abuses were committed, with a few exceptions, by the civil power, and they were condemned by Popes Leo X, Paul III, Paul IV, and Sixtus IV who reigned during that period of history. In those few exceptions, where such abuses occurred on the part of Church officials, they caused Pope Leo X to excommunicate the Catholic tribunal at Toledo, and to have the witnesses who appeared before its inquisitorial trial arrested for perjury. The Inquisition Myth, which Spaniards call “The Black Legend,” did not arise in 1480. It began almost 100 years later, and exactly one year after the Protestant defeat at the Battle of Muhlberg at the hands of Ferdinand's grandson, the Emperor Charles V. In 1567 a fierce propaganda campaign began with the publication of a Protestant leaflet penned by a supposed Inquisition victim named Montanus. This Protestant character painted Catholic Spaniards as barbarians who ravished women and sodomized young boys. The propagandists soon created “hooded fiends” who tortured their victims in horrible devices like the knife-filled Iron Maiden which never was used in Spain. A recent BBC/A&E special plainly states the reason for the war of words: the Protestants fought with words because they could not win on the battlefield. Only a small percentage of those convicted were executed in the Inquisition -- at most two to three percent in a given region. Many more were sentenced to life in prison, but this was often commuted after a few years. The most common punishment was some form of public penance. The dreaded Spanish Inquisition in particular has been grossly exaggerated. It executed about 880 persons in total. It did not persecute millions of people, as is often claimed, but approximately 44,000 between 1540 and 1700, of whom less than two per cent were executed -- about 880 persons.
Of course we must not let facts and history stand in the way of doing a hatchet job on the currently reigning pope and the Catholic Church, or at least that's how some homosexual news outlets seem to feel about it. If they can't even get their history 'straight,' I guess that explains everything else.